Adjectives are words that describe nouns.
- e.g. My mother made green tea in a beautiful celadon bowl. (The bold italicized words are adjectives.)
- Adjectives can add color, quality, size, emotions, and numbers (e.g. green, ugly, large, happy, two) to nouns.
- There are two large, green frogs in the pond.
- Adjectives can describe feelings. (e.g. interested/interesting)
- The person or thing that feels the emotion is described with an adjective that ends with –ed.
- He is interested in the movie.
- The bored student fell asleep.
- The person or thing that causes the emotion is described with an adjective ending in –ing.
- The movie is interesting.
- The boring class caused the student to fall asleep.
- Adjectives can show possession: my/your/his/her/its/our/their
- I gave it to my mother.
- Our family lives in Seoul.
- Some adjectives are demonstrative: this/that/these/those
- That book is mine.
- I want to buy these cookies.
- Some adjectives are also called articles: a/an/the
- I bought a book.
- The dog in front of the store is sleeping.
- We often use 2 or 3 adjectives to describe a noun. It is not a good idea to use more than 3 or 4 adjectives at one time.
Some common adjective endings:
There is a general order for adjectives. The table below shows the usual order.