The object of a verb is usually a noun or pronoun.
- I finished something.
- I finished my homework.
- I finished dinner.
The object of the verb can be a gerund. A gerund is the -ing form of a verb. It looks like a verb but acts like a noun.
- I finished studying. (‘Studying‘ is the object of the verb ‘finish.’)
- I finished eating. (‘Eating‘ is the object of the verb ‘finish.)
Verbs followed by gerunds
My mother enjoys working at a law firm.
I finished eating a liter of ice cream.
Steve stopped smoking.
I quit watching TV last week.
I mind studying ten hours a day seven days a week.
Keiko postponed taking the IELTS exam until next week.
- put off
Marco put off getting married until next year.
You should keep preparing for the exam.
- keep on
I’ll keep on trying to lose weight.
We considered taking the bus to the restaurant.
- think about
You should think about learning how to cook.
My father discussed golfing with his friends.
- talk about
I talked about moving out with my parents.
The object of the verb can also be an infinitive. An infinitive is to + the simple form of a verb.
- I want dinner.
- I want to eat. or I want to eat dinner.
Verbs followed by infinitives
We want to attend a lecture on Friday.
Angela needs to finish her essay.
Nico likes to watch horror movies.
Our class loves to speak English.
We hope to win a gold medal.
My father expects to get a promotion.
Mi Kyung plans to study in Paris next year.
Do you intend to go kayaking on the weekend.
I didn’t mean to hurt you.
I decided to join the swim team.
Misha promised to meet me tomorrow.
My mother offered to cook Christmas dinner.
I agree to rent this apartment for one year.
I can’t refuse to marry you.
My brother appeared to want a new car, but he didn’t buy one in the end.
On Halloween, I will pretend to be a ghost.
Sun Young forgot to lock her car, and thieves stole her purse.
Last year, I learned to change a flat tire on my car.
I will try to help you this weekend.
Some verbs are followed by gerunds or infinitives and the meaning is the same.
Gerunds or Infinitives Practice:
Verbs that can be followed by gerunds or infinitives.
- It began snowing.
- It began to snow.
- Tomorrow, we will start studying Unit 8.
- Tomorrow, we will start to study Unit 8.
- My sister will continue teaching.
- My sister will continue to teach.
- We like cycling.
- We like to cycle.
- Cindy loves playing baseball.
- Cindy loves to play baseball.
- I hate driving in the city.
- I hate to drive in the city.
- can’t stand
- The teacher can’t stand punishing students for texting.
- The teacher can’t stand to punish students for texting.