The simple past is used to talk about activities or situations that began and ended at a particular time in the past (e.g., yesterday, last night, two days ago, in 2006).

  • Min Soo cooked dinner last night.
  • I played computer games for 2 hours yesterday.

Most verbs are formed by adding -ed to the end of the verb. They are called regular verbs. However, there are many verbs which have an irregular form. See the table below for a list of common irregular verbs.

  • My mother worked very hard last week.
  • My family ate dinner together last night.


{ I – You – We – They – He – She – It } studied.


{ I – You – We – They – He – She – It } did not study.


Did { I – you – we – they – he – she -it } study?

Short Answer

Yes, { I – you – we – they – he – she – it } did.

No, { I – you – we – they – he – she – it } didn’t.

Irregular Verbs

Some verbs do not become past by adding -ed.  There are quite a few verbs that we call irregular.  You must simply memorize the past forms of these verbs.

arise arose arisen
be was/were been
bear bore borne/born
beat beat beaten/beat
become became become
begin began begun
bend bent bent
bet bet bet
bid bid bid
bind bound bound
bite bit bitten
bleed bled bled
blow blew blown
break broke broken
breed bred bred
bring brought brought
broadcast broadcast broadcast
build built built
burst burst burst
buy bought bought
cast cast cast
catch caught caught
choose chose chosen
cling clung clung
come came come
cost cost cost
creep crept crept
cut cut cut
deal dealt dealt
dig dug dug
do did done
draw drew drawn
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
feed fed fed
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
fit fit fit
flee fled fled
fling flung flung
fly flew flown
forbid forbade forbidden
forecast forecast forecast
forget forgot forgotten
forgive forgave forgiven
forsake forsook forsaken
freeze froze frozen
get got gotten
give gave given
go went gone
grind ground ground
grow grew grown
hang hung hung
have had had
hear heard heard
hide hid hidded
hit hit hit
hold held held
hurt hurt hurt
keep kept kept
know knew known
lay laid laid
lead led led
leave left left
lend lent lent
let let let
lie lay lain
light lit/lighted lit/lighted
lose lost lost
make made made
mean meant meant
meet met met
mislay mislaid mislaid
mistake mistook mistaken
pay paid paid
put put put
quit quit quit
read read read
rid rid rid
ride rode ridden
ring rang rung
rise rose risen
run ran run
say said said
see saw seen
seek sought sought
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
shake shook shaken
shed shed shed
shine shone/shined shone/shined
shoot shot shot
show showed shown
shrink shrank/shrunk shrank/shrunk
shut shut shut
sing sang sung
sit sat sat
sleep slept slept
slide slid slid
slit slit slit
speak spoke spoken
speed sped/speeded sped/speeded
spend spent spent
spin spun spun
spit spit/spat spit/spat
split split split
spread spread spread
spring sprang/sprung sprung
stand stood stood
steal stole stolen
stick stuck stuck
sting stung stung
stink stank/stunk stunk
strive strove striven
strike struck struck/stricken
string strung strung
swear swore sworn
sweep swept swept
swim swam swum
swing swung swung
take took taken
teach taught taught
tear tore torn
tell told told
think thought thought
throw threw thrown
thrust thrust thrust
understand understood understood
undertake undertook undertaken
upset upset upset
wake woke/waked woken/waked
wear wore worn
weave wove woven
weep wept wept
win won won
wind wound wound
withdraw withdrew withdrawn
wring wrung wrung
write wrote written